Nr. 4 / December 2016
AquaGen has identified two genetic markers (QTLs) with significant correlation to flavobacteriosis resistance. The markers will be used in rainbow trout egg production in Norway, UK and Chile from early 2017.
Flavobacteriosis, also known as Rainbow Trout Fry Syndrome (RTFS) is a major problem in rainbow trout production world-wide. It is widespread, occurs frequently, and can cause high mortality and wounds in fry and larger fish in freshwater hatcheries and on-growing sites. Antibiotics are often used to treat stock affected by flavobacteriosis.
AquaGen has identified and implemented several gene markers for disease resistance in Atlantic salmon. They are currently employed to produce salmon with increased resistance to the viral diseases IPN, PD and CMS. Gene markers for resistance to the bacterial disease SRS and to sea lice have also been identified and put to use. In rainbow trout, AquaGen has found gene markers for IPN- and flavobacteriosis resistance.
Genomic tool for rainbow trout developed
AquaGen has implemented a genomic tool that uses thousands of markers in order to select for disease resistance in rainbow trout. In collaboration with Affymetrix and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), a high density SNP-chip capable of genotyping 55,000 SNP markers from one individual fish in one analysis has been developed. It is through the use of this SNP-chip that gene markers for IPN- and flavobacteriosis resistance could be identified.
Challenge model for Flavobacterium psycrophilum
In 2014, AquaGen started its work on resistance to flavobacteriosis. A crucial part of this work was the availability of an experimental challenge model developed by a group of scientists at the University of Stirling. A total of 1,500 fry were challenged with Flavobacterium psycrophilum, and subsequently genotyped by the SNP-chip.
Two QTLs for flavobacteriosis resistance discovered
A QTL search resulted in the discovery of two major QTLs for resistance to flavobacteriosis. Both alone and in combination, the two QTLs have a significant effect in reducing mortality from flavobacteriosis in rainbow trout. The survival among fish with the worst and the best combination of markers was 31% and 84%, respectively. “The frequency of the beneficial markers is low to moderate in AquaGen stock, which means there is huge potential for improving resistance”, says Thomas Moen, Research Director in AquaGen.
Selection for improved resistance to flavobacteriosis is of relevance to all the major markets for AquaGen rainbow trout, and the new product will be available in Norway, UK and in Chile from early 2017. Andrew Reeve, Sales Manager UK/Ireland believes this is an important innovation: “The new product for significantly increased resistance to RTFS will deliver value by reducing the economic impact for the farmer and will improve fish welfare throughout the production cycle”.